Cactus Facts, Our top 11 facts about cactus
There is a lot you didn't know about your cactus. That's why we have put together the most interesting facts about your cacti. Keep reading to learn more!
Interesting Cactus Facts:
- The size of your cactus depends on the species. Their size can range from just a few inches up to 66 feet in height and weigh up to 4800 pounds. However the biggest cactus that ever existed was much bigger. Find out the world record cactus height below.
- There are around 1,800 to 2,100 species of different cacti. Each species for the most part fits into two core categories, these being opuntias or cactoids.
- Cactus have spines instead of leaves. Spines can be soft or rigid, straight or curved, arranged in rows or scattered. And they can grow up to 6 inches in length.
- Spines have two major roles: they prevent loss of water via transpiration and keep the plant safe from animals.
- Certain cacti produce a substance called mescaline which induces hallucinogenic effects. It was a first used by shamans to induce trans-like state.
- Cacti are know to live for a long time. But did you know, cacti can survive from 15 to 300 years, depending on the species?
Did you know?
Did you know there is a Guinness world record for the tallest cactus?
The tallest homegrown cactus (Cereus peruvians) measures 33.5 m (110 ft) and was grown at the Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences (India), as verified on 1 July 2015.
Some more Cactus Facts:
- In the early 1800s when cacti where first taken back to Europe they were cultivated as ornamental plants. Rare species were often sold to collectors for very high prices. Today cacti continue to be grown as houseplants as they are pretty easy to grow and maintain.
- Cacti grow several types of fruits, the dragon fruit for example is a popular source of food in Asia. The Prickly Pear or Indian fig are more common in Mexico and some parts of the United States. Fun fact, they are widely available in a lot of local stores. You should check your Mexican section of yours!
- Other edible parts of a cactus are some of their pads called "Nopal" in Spanish.The Nopal industry in Mexico was worth around 150 million us-dollar in 2007.
- Cactus and succulents are actually endangered plants. They are now included in the "Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)". Unless permits are issued, international export of most species is illegal.